November 6, 1860: Republican Lincoln becomes US President
he 51-year-old lawyer Abraham Lincoln from Illinois was elected President of the United States on November 6, 1860. He had been running as a Republican candidate and had campaigned for the abolition of slavery.
The Republican Party, founded in Ripon, Wisconsin, in 1854, was a northern-style collection movement that opposed the predominance of the southern-led Democratic Party and saw itself as a advocate of the industrialized and small and medium-sized farmers of the north. Many Republicans condemned slavery and the feudal lifestyle of the plantation owners.
From December 1860, eleven of the slave-holding southern states therefore left the Union and founded their own state, the Confederate States of America. Lincoln then launched troops against the rebellion to save the Union. The resulting civil war was won by the northern states in 1865.