The day Abraham Lincoln proclaimed the release of the slaves
155 years ago, during the American Civil War, on September 22, 1862, US President Abraham Lincoln unveiled the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, promising freedom to black slaves living in the rebel states of the South. & Nbsp;
Although the ruling, which came into effect on January 1, 1863, liberated far fewer people than we would think today, the document is still of historical significance because it provided for the emancipation of blacks. The measure marked the beginning of a new phase in the history of the Civil War, ending in 1865 with the victory of the North. Two months before the end of the war, President Lincoln stated that slave liberation was a major act of his former government and The most important event of the 20th century. On June 18, 2009, the Washington Senate apologized for former US slavery and racial segregation against blacks. The decision recognized slavery as a fundamental injustice, cruelty and inhumanity.
The election of Abraham Lincoln as president in the United States foresaw the horror of the Civil War, for throughout his career he was strongly opposed to slavery. On a theoretical and moral basis, and driven by common sense, he recognized that the development of the American economy was hindered by the use of large-scale unpaid live labor. "The masses of white people are actually harmed by the slave labor in their immediate vicinity," he said in a speech. He wanted to suppress the trouble at some of its southern roots: in February 1861, an assassination attempt was made against a train to set up Lincoln, but the plan was unveiled in time.
Lincoln was inaugurated on March 4, 1861. A week later, the southern states that were about to break up formed the Confederacy, and their troops stormed Sumter Fortress on April 12, 1861 - the Civil War until 1865 broke out. Amid a bloody struggle, Lincoln made a decisive decision: on the first day of 1863, he signed the Emancipation Proclamation, which declared slavery in the southern occupation of the North forever. (The complete abolition of slavery was only announced in Supplement 13 to the Constitution, adopted in 1865.) The Presidential Inauguration Ceremony on March 4, 1865, after the re-election of Lincoln, was the first to feature guests of color.
The horrors of slavery were written by writer Harriet Beecher Stowe in her novel Thomas' Brother's Hut, published in 1851-52, and had great success among readers. The revolutionary work shook and puzzled its readers and contributed greatly to the fight against slavery. Reportedly, during the Civil War, the writer met with President Lincoln in Washington, who greeted with the words: "You are the little woman who caused this great war."
The enslaved slaves were also granted the right to use the surname. According to the 2000 census, 90 percent of Americans in historic Washington are of African American descent. Historians say many of the liberated slaves took the name as a tribute to George Washington, who first opened the gate of freedom, making Washington the "blackest" family name.